Kampala City, the capital of Uganda, is located near the shores of Lake Victoria and is spread over of an area of 189 km2. It is only 40km away from Entebbe International Airport and is connected to all districts of Uganda and neighbouring countries by a network of roads.
History of the City
Meet Kampala’s Mayors since Independence
His worship Nasser Ntege Sebaggala 1998, was the first directly elected mayor of Kampala and the first one to lose office as Kampala mayor because of a court conviction.
Before the arrival of the British colonialists, the Kabaka of Buganda had chosen the zone that would become Kampala as a hunting reserve.
The area, composed of rolling hills with grassy wetlands in the valleys, was home to several species of antelope, particularly impala. When the British arrived, they called it “Hills of the Impala”.
The language of the Buganda, Luganda, adopted many English words because of their interactions with the British. The Buganda translated “Hill of the Impala” as Akasozi ke’Empala – “Kasozi” meaning “hill”, “ke” meaning “of”, and “empala” the plural of “impala”. In Luganda, the words “ka’mpala” mean “that is of the impala”, in reference to a hill, and the single word “Kampala” was adopted as the name for the city that grew out of the Kabaka’s hills.
Kampala was originally built on seven hills, but as its size has increased, it has expanded to more hills than seven. The original seven hills are:
The area currently occupied by Kampala City was a favorite hunting ground for King Mutesa 1 with his palace at Banda Hill. The area then was made up of hills and wetlands which provided an ideal breeding ground for various wild animals including the antelope, the impala. The area then was commonly called the ‘hills of impala’ hence the origin of the name Kampala. The place started as an urban settlement in 1890 with Sir Fredrick Lugard setting up shops on Old Kampala Hill. Old Kampala became the administrative headquarters of the Imperial British East African Company (IBEAC) IBEAC later reallocated to Entebbe.
The city has been led by mayors since independence. The mayors wieleded political and administrative powers until the Kampala City Council law was changed to establish Kampala Capital City Authority.
Under KCCA, the mayor’s title changed to Lord Mayor and his role was reduced to a ceremonial one. The executive director, appointed by the President, holds the administrative powers. He does this together with minister for Kampala.
Kampala has a tropical rainforest climate (Af) under the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system.
Another facet of Kampala’s weather is that it features two annual wet seasons. There is a long rainy season from August to December and a short rainy season from February to June. However, the shorter rainy season sees substantially heavier rainfall per month, with April typically seeing the heaviest amount of precipitation at an average of around 169 millimetres (6.7 in) of rain. Kampala has been frequently mentioned as a lightning-strike capital of the world.
BELOW IS THE LIST OF THE MAYORS
1. Sir Amar Main (C.B.E) 1950-55 after serving as Kampala Municipal board chairman
2. K.H. Dale (O.B.E), 1955-56 (he died in office)
3. C.S Lewis (1956-58)
4. C.E Develin 1958-9)
5. S.W. Kulubya (C.B.E) 1959-61). Kulubya is the first African mayor of Kampala.
6. Mrs. B. Saben (C.B.E) 1961-2, was the first woman mayor of Kampala.
7. P.L. Patel 1962-3
8. P.N. Kavuma (O.B.E) 1961-5
9. W.Y. Nega 1965-8
10. A.G. Mehta 1968-9. He died in office
11. Nakibinge 1969-71
12. His worship Walusimbi Mpanga, one of Kampala’s long serving mayors (1971-82)
13. Fred Semaganda 1982-6
14. Wasswa Ziritwawula 1987-9
15. Christopher Yiga 1989-97
16. His worship Nasser Ntege Sebaggala 1998, the first directly elected mayor of Kampala and the first one to lose office as Kampala mayor because of a court conviction. He was replaced by his deputy Sarah Nkonge who served as acting mayor until June 1999 when His worship Sebaana Kizito was elected as the second directly elected Mayor of Kampala.
In February 2002, Sebaana again stood as a mayoral candidate and was re-elected. Sebaana was replaced by Nasser Sebaggala who was also later replaced by Erias Lukwago.
Population of Kampala
The Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS) estimated the population of Kampala at 1.7 m in 2011.
Kampala has a diverse ethnic population. The city’s ethnic makeup has been defined by political and economic factors. A large number of western Ugandans, particularly the Banyankole, moved to the capital in the new government of Yoweri Museveni.
Inter-tribal marriage in Uganda is still uncommon outside large urban centers. Although many Kampala residents have been born and brought up in the city, they still define themselves by their tribal roots and speak their ancestral languages. This is more evident in the suburbs, where tribal languages are spoken widely alongside English, Swahili, and Luganda. In addition to the Baganda and Banyankole, other large ethnic groups include the Basoga, Bafumbira, Batoro, Bakiga, Alur, Bagisu, Banyoro, Iteso, Langi, and Acholi.
Means of transport
Kampala is served by buses, minibuses, taxis and motorcycles as the common means of public transport.
Kampala is served by Entebbe International Airport, which is the largest airport in Uganda.
Boda-bodas (local motorbike transport) are a popular mode of transport that gives access to many areas within and outside the city. Standard fees for these range from USh:1,000 to 2,000 or more. Boda-bodas are useful for passing through rush-hour traffic, although many are poorly maintained and dangerous.
In early 2007, it was announced that Kampala would remove commuter taxis from its streets and replace them with a comprehensive city bus service. (In Kampala, the term “taxi” refers to a 15-seater minibus used as public transport.) The bus service was expected to cover the greater Kampala metropolitan area including Mukono, Mpigi, Bombo, Entebbe, Wakiso and Gayaza. As of December 2011 the service had not yet started. Having successfully completed the Northern Bypass, the government, in collaboration with its stakeholders, now plans to introduce the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system in Kampala by 2014. On 12 March 2012, Pioneer Easy Bus Company, a private transport company, started public bus service in Kampala with an estimated 100 buses each with a 60-passenger capacity (30 seated and 30 standing), acquired from China. Another 422 buses were expected in the country in 2012 to complement the current fleet. The buses operate 24 hours daily. The company has a concession to provide public transport in the city for the next five years. The buses were impounded for back taxes in December 2013. The company expected to resume operation in February 2015.
In 2014, Uganda’s President Yoweri Museveni and a China transportation company signed a Memorandum of Understanding, that they would at some point begin embarking on building a light rail system in Kampala, similar to the one recently completed in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
On 11 April 2011, the pressure group Activists for Change (A4C) held its first Walk to Work protest near Kampala, in response to a comment by President Museveni on the increased cost of fuel, which had risen by 50 percent between January and April 2011. He said: “What I call on the public to do is to use fuel sparingly. Don’t drive to bars.” The protest, which called on workers to walk to work to highlight the increased cost of transport in Uganda, was disrupted by police, who fired tear gas and arrested three-time presidential candidate Kizza Besigye and Democratic Party leader Norbert Mao. In the course of the protest, Besigye was shot in the right arm by a rubber bullet. The government blamed the violence on protesters.
In order render better services, the city has been divided into the following administrative divisions:
• Kampala Central Division,
• Kawempe Division,
• Makindye Division,
• Nakawa Division and
• Rubaga Division.
Kampala a city on seven hills
Kampala is sometimes referred to as a City on Seven Hills as it was originally located on the following seven hills:
Kasubi Hill where the Kasubi Tombs are located.
Mengo Hill the seat of the Lubiri (Kabaka’s Palace) and the Lukiiko (Parliament ) of Parliament of Buganda
Kibuli Hill is where the Kibuli Mosque is located.
Namirembe Hill is a home of St Paul’s Cathedral Namirembe Anglican Cathedral and Mengo Hospital.
Rubaga Hill is a home of St.Mary’s Cathedral ( Rubaga Cathedral) and Rubaga Hospital
Nsambya Hill is where you the headquarters of the Mill Hill Mission, Nsambya Hospital and American Embassy.
Old Kampala Hill where Old Kampala Mosque and Fort of Captain Lugard is found.
Over the last 25 years, Kampala has greatly expanded and swallowed many sourrounding hills and suburbs.
The key highlights of Kampala City include the following;
Tourists Attractions in Kampala
24 Hour Service
Children Playing Areas
Nyama Choma Places
Pubs in Kampala
Popular Beaches in Uganda
Saloons in Kampala
Apartments in Kampala
Hotels , Motels, Lodges and apartment